During the aging process, loss of skin elasticity and constant gravitational pull often result in excessive skin folds on the upper and lower eyelids. At the same time, the thin membrane that holds the fat in place also weakens with age causing the fat protrudes forward into the lids like a hernia. For upper eyelids, excessive skin folds and bulges that hang over the eyelashes often resulting in loss of natural fold of the upper eyelids and obstruct peripheral vision. On the other hand, the excess skin and fat on the lower eyelid may make the eyes appear puffy, tired and aged.
Eye lift surgery (blepharoplasty) is a cosmetic surgical procedure that helps to reduce puffiness from lower eyelids and removes redundant skin from the upper eyelids. This surgery is also an effective way to improve sight in older people whose sagging upper eyelids get in the way of their vision. An eye lift surgery will not eliminate dark circles under the eyes, crow’s feet, or other facial wrinkles. It is often done along with other procedures such as laser resurfacing, filler injection, midface lift or forehead lift to achieve desirable aesthetic results.
The selection of the surgery varies individually, depending on the problems presented and individual needs. Some only require surgery for their upper or lower eyelids. Others may need surgery for both or additional procedures. The process involved removal of excess skin, muscles and fat, or repositioning the fat to flatten hollow areas. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty uses incisions to allow for removal of skin, thin strip of muscle and fat. The skin is meticulously closed together to create natural eyelid crease.