Burn injuries are one of the most common household injuries that can occur especially in children. Burn injuries can be categorized according to the cause:
- Scalding – hot liquid (water or oil).
- Thermal – injuries by flame.
- Contact burns – touching hot metals such as iron or cooking pans.
- Chemical burns – exposure to certain chemicals (acids or alkali).
- Electrical burn – high voltage electrical burns or low voltage household electricity.
Fortunately most burn injuries are minor and can be treated as outpatients. These patients are usually given pain killers and the burn area cleaned and dressed until it heals. In a small number of patients hospital admission and more aggressive treatment are required. They are;
- Burns that affect deeper or/and larger areas of the body.
- Burns affecting “important” parts of the body such as the face, hands, feet and genitalia.
- Patient who sustained inhalational injury due to them breathing-in noxious or poisonous smoke.
- Patients who suffered electrical burns.